Women experience thyroid problems at any stage of their lives. The thyroid gland is responsible for coordinating body functions. It releases hormones that make our metabolism levels balanced. There are many problems related to the thyroid gland. Whether it is underproducing or overproducing; both have different symptoms on the human body.
Types of thyroid problems
There are basically four types of major thyroid problems.
When your body produces too much thyroid then it means that your thyroid gland is overactive. There are many causes behind an overactive thyroid gland.
- Too much iodine intake
- Thyroid gland inflammation
- Toxic nodular goiter
Hyperthyroidism speeds up the hormones in your body. This may result in sudden weight loss. You may experience anxiety, fatigue, irritability, restlessness, thin skin, brittle hair, and an increased appetite. Your doctor will prescribe antithyroid medicine to reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Synthroid is one such medication that helps in slowing down the production of hormones. You can see Synthroid tablet price from the website of PricePro Pharmacy.
When your thyroid is not producing enough hormones then this condition is called hypothyroidism. Common symptoms of hypothyroidism include weight gain, tiredness, and depression. Doctors prescribe daily hormone tablets to such patients with this disease to replace the hormones that the thyroid gland is not able to make. There is no permanent cure for this condition as it occurs due to the immune system attacking the thyroid gland and damaging it. It can only be managed by taking medicines daily.
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
Also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, this condition affects people of middle age mostly. In this condition, the immune system directly damages the thyroid gland. The symptoms are not severe and most people may not experience them for many years. Some common symptoms of this condition are:
- Mild weight gain
- Puffy face
- Thinning hair
There is no definite cure of this condition but doctors may prescribe hormone-replacement medications to fulfill the required levels of hormones in your body.
- Graves’ disease
In this condition, the body produces too many hormones which speed up the metabolism process. This is a hereditary disease and a person’s family history plays an important role in the development of this disease. The common symptoms of this condition are:
- Excessive sweating
- Weight loss
- Frequent bowel movements or diarrhea
Doctors may first do a physical exam and look for enlarged thyroid gland or goiter, bulging eyes, and increased metabolism. After this, a radioactive iodine test is conducted to see how quickly your thyroid is able to take up iodine. A high uptake of iodine is one of the symptoms of Graves’ disease. After a proper diagnosis, doctors may prescribe you some medicines to control your hormone levels.
Goiter is a noncancerous thyroid gland that gets enlarged. Iodine deficiency is the common cause of this condition. It mostly happens to those people who live in an environment where there is a shortage of food supply. It can happen at any age. They are not much of a problem and can be treated with medicine.
Note: This is a collaborative post